162) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr and Bede Dwyer (2016). An Annotated Translation and Description of an Untitled Persian Archery Manuscript. Historical Weapons Research: Journal about the History of Weapons, 2016, № 4, pp. 4-33.

"The present article provides a translated and annotated text of a Persian archery manuscript. This untitled manuscript on archery is kept in the Majlis Library (Library of Iranian Parliament; Ketābkhāne-ye Majles Irān) with the inventory number 149. It consists of 43 pages. The author of the archery manuscript signs his name at the end of the text as  al-Abdolrāji Abu Torāb al-Musavi al-Qad Makāhi and dates it to Jumada al-Thani, the year 1114, which is November 1702 in Gregorian calendar. There is no further information about the author of the archery manuscript. The manuscript consists of twelve chapters and a conclusion."

Online version of the article

Place of Publication: Russian Federation

161) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2016). Armes et armures représentées sur des tapis persans du Musée du tapis de Téhéran, La Revue de Téhéran Mensuel Culturel Iranien en Langue FrançaiseN. 133, Décembre 2016, 12e Annee, pp. 40-55.

"Le Musée du Tapis de Téhéran en Iran a l'une des collections les plus importantes du monde. Cet article étudie des images de guerriers et chasseurs portant des armes et armures et étant représentées sur des tapis persans de ce musée. De façon générale, les armes et armures représentées sur les tapis persans montrent trois types d'armes et d'armures: ......."
Place of Publication: France and Iran

160) Toichkin, Denis and Manouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani (2016). The Development of the Karabela Hilt on Swords and Sabers: A Comparative Study, Gladius, Estudios sobre Armas Antiguas, Armamento, Arte Militar y Vida Cultural en Oriente y Occidente, pp. 181-197.


"The karabela hilt is described as a hilt with a crossguard and a pommel in the shape of a stylized head of a bird most often similar to a hawk. This type of handle was usually mounted on long cavalry saber blades. In general, karabelas were mounted with different types of blades, often those of a wedged-shape, curved blade of a classical Persian shamshir. ...... "


Online version of the article

or directly to GLADIUS

Place of Publication: Spain

159) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2016). Les Shamshirs de Karim Khân Zand. La Revue de Téhéran Mensuel Culturel Iranien en Langue Française, N. 132, November 2016, 11e Annee, pp. 70-77.


"Karim Khân Zand gouverna l’Iran de 1751 à 1779 jusqu’à l’avènement de la dynastie qâdjâre. Karim Khân Zand était l’un des commandants de l’armée de Nâder Shâh Afshâr (1736-1747) et l'accompagna durant toutes ses campagnes militaires. Karim Khân atteignit un taux de popularité très élevé......
Place of Publication: France and Iran

158) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr and Bede Dwyer (2016). A Persian Archery Manual by Mohammad Zamān, RAMA: Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas, Vol. 11, No 1, pp. 45-65.


"Persian archery manuals provide lots of useful information on shooting with a Persian composite bow. The main aim of this article is to provide, for the first time, a full annotated translation of an undated Persian archery manual written by Mohammad Zamān known as Čerāq Beg from the family of Kāmrān Beg Qarānāj. The manual is handwritten and consists of twenty four pages which include twelve chapters. Despite the occasional confusion, the obscure vocabulary, and the odd clumsy description, the text is a mine of information. It shows the continuity of the Persian archery tradition at least to the end of the eighteenth century and increases our knowledge of some of the details once commonplace that are now obscure. The gradual increase in our knowledge of Persian archery is progressing through the discovery and translation of works like this one of Mohammad Zamān. Such manuals introduce new techniques and also confirm the pervasiveness of the basic forms of this ancient art."

Place of Publication: Spain

Online version of the article on RAMA at University of Leon Spain, click here

For the same article on the acadeemia page of Dr. Khorasani click here

157) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2016). Crucible Steel Making: Persian Manuscripts and Archeometallurgical Analysis. In Encyclopedia of Iron, Steel, and Their Alloys, edited by Rafael Colás and George E. Totten. Taylor and Francis: New York, Published online: 30 Mar 2016; 963-977. 


"Abstract This entry discusses some Persian manuscripts on crucible steelmaking. These manuscripts offer interesting information on how to make crucible steel, and although some of the old terms related to different types of iron and steel do not correspond to modern terminology regarding iron and steel, they nevertheless offer valuable information on the components of the crucible steel.. . ."


Place of Publication: USA

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156) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2016). "An Interpretation of Archery Techniques in Persian Archery Manuals: A Practical Application", II International Conference on History of Arms and Armor, Kyiv 2016, pp. 29-30.


"The goal of the following article is to analyze and compare the archery techniques described in five different Persian archery manuals: a) a manual on archery by Šarif Mohammad the son of Ahmad Mehdi from the period of Shāh Ismā'il Safavid (1502-1524 AD), b) Jāme al-Hadāyat fi Elm al-Romāyat [Complete Guide concerning the Science of Archery] by Nezāmeldin Ahmad ibn Mohammad ibn Ahmad Shojāeldin Dorudbāshi Beyhaqi from 1032 hijra (1622 AD), c) the undated manual Resāle-ye Kamāndāri [Archery "Manual] collected by Kapur Chand, d) an archery manual titled Resāle-ye Qosnāmeh [Archery Manual] by an unknown author from the 13th century hijra (18th century AD) and e) an untitled archery manual by Mohammad Zamān dated the year 1212 hijra [1797-1798 AD] from the Malek Library in Tehran." . . .  


Place of Publication: Ukraine

To read the online version of the article click LINK